Burning pain Burning pain: When it tickles and stings in the body

Every one of us gets to know pain during the course of our lifetime. If this unpleasant sensory perception disappears again in time, we can usually live with it well. But when pain becomes a constant companion, it has a strong influence on the everyday life of the person affected. Chronic pain is not only a physical strain, it also burdens the soul. The so-called neuropathic pain (nerve pain or neuropathy), which is perceived as a permanently burning pain, is particularly agonizing, sometimes also felt as tingling or stinging, which is associated with burning. We understand what a life of constant pain is like.  

"Burning pain": Neuropathic pain

When we feel pain, our nerve cells usually only transmit pain information to the brain. However, in neuropathic pain - also known as nerve pain, neuralgia or neuropathy - the nerves themselves are responsible for the development of the pain. The cause is usually damage or irritation of the affected nerves, as long as this acts on the nerve fibres and nerve tracts, the pain persists, often for long periods afterwards too because the brain has stored the pain as a sensory program. Neuropathic pain quickly becomes chronic. Typical signs are unbearable "burning pain" or "electrical pain", sudden pain attacks that are perceived as shooting pain, and hypersensitivity to touch.

Pelvic nerve damage as a cause of nerve pain

The freeing of the nerves, decompression in the event of entrapment and electro-stimulation of the affected nerves are all possible treatments for neuropathy.
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Causes of neuropathic pain

Pudendal Neuralgia

Burning pain in the most sensitive part of the body

Pudendal neuralgia ("Alkock's canal syndrome") is characterized by chronic pain that is perceived as burning. In women, they range from the pubic area and clitoris to the perineum and anal region. The cause is usually compression of the pudendal nerve in the pudendal or Alcock canal. Women who have suffered a birth trauma are often affected, even 20 to 30 years after a vaginal birth.

Men can also be affected by pudendal neuralgia. The pain extends from the penis and testicles to the anal region. Since the pudendal nerve is also of particular importance for the bladder and intestines as well as for the genitals and sexual functions, nerve damage can also lead to irritable bladder, urinary or faecal incontinence and sexual dysfunction (erectile dysfunction).

Mesh complications

Nerve pain after mesh treatments

Mesh implants in the pelvis carry the risk of nerve injury - especially of the pudendal nerve and the so-called sacral roots. This can result in burning pain, sensory irritation or dysfunction, which can occur immediately after the operation or with a delay of several days. A nerve compression caused by scar tissue (fibrotic entrapment) or a nerve compression caused by constriction due to enlarged blood vessels in the pelvis (vascular entrapment) develops over several months or even years.

Treatment

Treatment of Pudendal Neuralgia
treatment-pudendal-neuralgia

Since Pudendal Neuralgia is based on a kind of bruising of the pudendal nerve, surgical nerve decompression is the most effective treatment method. The procedure is performed using a laparoscopic decompression procedure: tiny cameras make the fine sensitive nerve structures visible and allow for a gentle operation. The majority of patients are pain-free after a few short months.

If the pudendal nerve is not only compressed but also injured, pudendal neuromodulation is the therapy of choice. In a minimally invasive procedure, a microstimulator system a few centimetres in size is placed on the pudendal nerve by laparoscopy (LION procedure). The electrical stimulation is controlled by the patient with a remote control and leads to a relaxation of the nerve.

Mesh removal treatment
mesh-removal-treatment

If the mesh has damaged the pelvic nerves, the injured nerve must first be precisely pinpointed. A laparoscopic examination of the affected area can then be carried out. This enables an exact diagnosis of the cause. In the same treatment step, decompression must be accomplished by exposing the nerves. The aim of the intervention is not the removal of the mesh, but the complete liberation of the nerve, for which a systematic exploration of the damaged nerves by laparoscopy is necessary.

In the case of severe injury or destruction of the nerve, the implantation of electrodes for neuromodulation can help, but it is used in less than 5% of patients.

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Photo Neuropelveology Nerve Tracts

Neuropelveology:
Discovering the pelvic nerves

Neuropelveology is a medical discipline developed by Prof. Possover. It is based on the discovery of the pelvic nerves and includes the diagnosis of the diseases of these nerves by means of gynaecological examination methods and their treatment by means of laparoscopy.

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